Caribbean Risk Management Guidelines for Climate Change Adaptation Decision Making


General Information:

Author: Adapting to Climate Change in the Caribbean (ACCC) Project, Caribbean Community Secretariat, Canadian International Development Agency

Year of publication: 2003

Available languages: English

Details of Assessment:

Type of assessment: Comprehensive impact and risk assessment

Format of assessment: Guideline

Estimated costs for conducting: No information

Estimated duration of assessment: At least 6 months

To be carried out by whom: Multiple actors

Details: Large stakeholder involvement including experts from different fields

Institutional scale of use: Continental

Details: Depends on the institutional scale of the organization implementing the adaptation measures

Assesment to be used by which target audience: Multiple actors

Details: Either public decision makers or civil society organizations

Output: Excel sheet

Details: Implementation plan


Coverage & Methodology:

Region of origin: Latin America, North America

Developed by which sector: Development cooperation

Applied in practice: Yes

Geographic coverage in analysis: Caribbean Islands

Potential geographic coverage: Worldwide

Sectors covered: Biodiversity, Financial sector, Health sector, Water sector

Details: Studies carried out by the CPACC and ACCC projects in the Caribbean region reveal that countries are very vulnerable to climate change impacts. Specifically, the following sectors were considered to be at risk: human settlements, tourism, agriculture and food security, water, health, banking/insurance, infrastructure, coastal, marine and terrestrial ecosystems

Method used: Scenario mapping

Description of methodology: The risk assessment proposed in this methodology is part of a wider risk management approach and consists of these steps: analysing the hazard, estimating the risk and evaluating the risk. The first step involves establishing a baseline, a stakeholder database and analysis, and possible risk scenarios. The second step aims to check the data quality, assign appropriate levels of probability, frequency and severity, risk levels and evaluate stakeholder perceptions. In the last step revising the evaluation criteria and ranking the risk according to the acceptance and adaptive response is proposed

Risk framework used: No explicit use of risk framework

Details: AR3, but then use of probability and severity in order to estimate risks

Risk components incorporated: All

Hazards and impacts considered in the assessment: Changing precipitation patterns, Cyclone (including tropical storm, hurricane and typhoon), Extreme rainfall, Flood, Sea level rise, Storm surge

Details: High level of stakeholder involvement which bring along their expert knowledge and judgement

Participatory elements: Yes

Details: Key stakeholders should be identified and involved during the entire process. However, the stakeholder composition may be modified at various stages throughout the process as appropriate to the situation being addressed. Local communities often possess valuable knowledge which should inform the decision-making process. As such, local participation should be ensured

Consideration of interconnectedness and -dependencies of risks: No information

Adressing uncertainty: Yes

Details: Consider uncertainty in the estimation of probability and severity of climate impacts, application of low case and high case scenarios, uncertainty due to a long lead time between the action taken and the realisation of the benefits

Scope of assessment: Identification of risks, assessment of impacts, identification of adaptation options, priorization of adaptation options, identification of limits to adaptation

Relevance for losses and damages:

Economic/Non-Economic losses incorporated: Both

Applicability for entire risk spectrum (from extreme weather events to slow onset processes): Yes


Recommendations for Adaptation measures included in Climate Risk Assessment: Yes

Details: Adaptation options are identified, prioritized and limits of adaptation and ways to handle residual risks discussed

Open access: Yes