Climate Risk Management (CRM) Framework for India-Addressing Loss & Damage


General Information:

Author: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), National Institute Of Disaster Management India (NIDM)

Year of publication: 2019

Available languages: English

Details of Assessment:

Type of assessment: Comprehensive impact and risk assessment

Format of assessment: Guideline

Estimated costs for conducting: Small to substantial amount

Estimated duration of assessment: Weeks to years

To be carried out by whom: Consultants (climate experts)

Institutional scale of use: Multiple (see details)

Details: National, regional, local levels

Assesment to be used by which target audience: State level decision makers

Output: Report

Details: Diverse options as it depends on the expected output to be generated in the specific context


Coverage & Methodology:

Region of origin: Europe

Developed by which sector: State-run, Development cooperation

Applied in practice: Yes

Geographic coverage in analysis: Asia

Potential geographic coverage: Worldwide

Sectors covered: Not sector specific

Method used: Mixed method approach

Description of methodology: The six step climate risk management (CRM) process operationalises climate risk management at scale: Assess and match information needs with risk management objectives; Define System of Interest; Develop context-specific methodology; Risk identification to identify low and high-levels of climate-related risk; Risk evaluation to identify acceptable, tolerable and intolerable risks; Assessment of risk management options

Risk framework used: AR5

Risk components incorporated: All

Hazards and impacts considered in the assessment: All hazards

Source of required data: Primary and secondary

Details: Varying depending on the context and extent the risk assessment is to be carried out with

Temporal scale: All

Participatory elements: Yes

Details: It suggests aligning top-down insight from expert-based methods and tools with bottom-up information on households’ and communities’ risks gathered through participatory processes

Consideration of interconnectedness and -dependencies of risks: Yes

Details: Impact chains for understanding drivers of direct and indirect impacts and risks are applied

Adressing uncertainty: Yes

Details: It aims to tackle fundamental scientific questions involving uncertainty, as well as applying learning theories for reducing these uncertainties.

Scope of assessment: Identification of risks, assessment of impacts, identification of adaptation options, priorization of adaptation options, identification of limits to adaptation

Details: Step 5 of the framework includes conducting an evaluation of respective risk tolerance and limits to adaptation measures.

Relevance for losses and damages:

Economic/Non-Economic losses incorporated: Both

Details: Application of impact chains that gather together economic and non-economic L&D and describe the linkages between them

Applicability for entire risk spectrum (from extreme weather events to slow onset processes): Yes

Details: Extreme event risk such as cyclonic storms, riverine and coastal flooding or landslides and slow onset changes from sea level rise or saltwater intrusion are considered


Recommendations for Adaptation measures included in Climate Risk Assessment: Yes

Details: The key aspect is to provide guidelines and recommendations on climate risk assessment and effective climate risk management

Usefulness for political purposes: It seeks to support evidence-based assessments of L&D in order to facilitate decision making

Applied by whom: GIZ

Open access: Yes