Disaster and Climate Change Risk Assessment Methodology for IDB Projects: A Technical Reference Document for IDB Project Teams


General Information:

Author: Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)

Year of publication: 2019

Available languages: English, Spanish

Details of Assessment:

Type of assessment: Comprehensive impact and risk assessment

Details: Assessment of disaster and climate change risks and resilience opportunities

Format of assessment: Guideline

Estimated costs for conducting: No information

Estimated duration of assessment: 4.5 months (simple) to 8 months (full)

To be carried out by whom: Others

Details: Project teams, especially those concerned with infrastructure projects, practitioners

Institutional scale of use: Continental

Assesment to be used by which target audience: Others (please specify)

Details: Project teams financed by the IDB, executing agencies and technical experts

Output: Report


Coverage & Methodology:

Region of origin: North America

Developed by which sector: Development cooperation

Applied in practice: No information

Geographic coverage in analysis: Caribbean Islands

Potential geographic coverage: Latin America and the Caribbean

Sectors covered: Education sector, Health sector, Water sector

Method used: Mixed method approach

Description of methodology: The Methodology consists of a Conceptual Framework for the Disaster and Climate Change Risk Assessment Methodology including three phases: Phase I: screening & classification; Phase II: qualitative assessment; Phase III: quantitative assessment

Risk framework used: AR5

Details: The following definition of 'disaster risk' is provided and applied: “the potential loss of life, injury, or destroyed or damaged assets which could occur to a system, society or a community in a specific period of time, determined (…) as a function of hazard, exposure, vulnerability and capacity” (UNDRR, 2017: 14)

Risk components incorporated: Hazard

Hazards and impacts considered in the assessment: Cyclone (including tropical storm, hurricane and typhoon), Drought, Earthquake, Extreme temperatures, Flood, Landslide, Sea level rise, Storm surge, Tsunami, Volcanic eruption, Wildfire

Details: Infrastructure data, climate data, demographic information, geographical data, construction/project data, climate projections

Participatory elements: Yes

Details: Local workshop including the municipality, relevant local agencies and the local community

Consideration of interconnectedness and -dependencies of risks: No information

Adressing uncertainty: Yes

Scope of assessment: Identification of risks, assessment of impacts, identification of adaptation options

Relevance for losses and damages:

Economic/Non-Economic losses incorporated: Both

Details: Economic losses and disruptions in social infrastructures associated with education and health services

Applicability for entire risk spectrum (from extreme weather events to slow onset processes): Yes

Details: Includes both EWEs and SOES (drought, sea level rise, heatwave)


Recommendations for Adaptation measures included in Climate Risk Assessment: Partly

Details: Mitigation options for hazards are provided in the Appendix

Usefulness for political purposes: By implementing appropriate adaptation and resilience-building measures, the provision of access to transport, electricity, water, and sanitation services can be ensured, which improves the quality of life through its direct impact on health, education, and economic opportunities

Applied by whom: IDB project teams

Open access: Yes