INFORM Index for Risk Management


General Information:

Author: Marin-Ferrer, M. et al.

Year of publication: 2017

Available languages: English

Details of Assessment:

Type of assessment: Comprehensive impact and risk assessment

Format of assessment: Report

Estimated costs for conducting: No information

Estimated duration of assessment: No information

To be carried out by whom: Scientists/researchers

Institutional scale of use: National

Assesment to be used by which target audience: State level decision makers

Output: Report


Coverage & Methodology:

Region of origin: Europe

Developed by which sector: Science

Applied in practice: Yes

Geographic coverage in analysis: Worldwide

Potential geographic coverage: Worldwide

Sectors covered: Education sector, Health sector, Humanitarian sector, Livelihood sector

Method used: Quantitative model

Description of methodology: INFORM model is a multilayer structure that builds up a score of risk by bringing together 54 different indicators. They measure three dimensions of INFORM risk concept. Each dimension is made up of two risk categories. Categories cannot be fully captured by an individual indicator. They have been chosen to reflect the interest of users of INFORM. For example, UNISDR may follow the institutional category index in the coping capacity dimension while Unicef and WFP may be more interested in the category of vulnerable groups in the vulnerability dimension. Underlying factors that contribute to the ranking results can be sought down through the levels depending on how narrowly the users intend to target their interventions

Risk framework used: Broad risk mapping according to different definition

Details: The INFORM model is based on risk concepts published in scientific literature and envisages three dimensions of risk: hazard & exposure, vulnerability, and lack of coping capacity. The INFORM model is split into different levels to provide a quick overview of the underlying factors leading to humanitarian risk and builds up the picture of risk by 54 core indicators

Hazards and impacts considered in the assessment: Cyclone (including tropical storm, hurricane and typhoon), Drought, Flood

Details: The data used in INFORM comes from international organisations and academic institutes and is considered the most reliable available. INFORM works directly with source organisations to ensure quality and appropriate use of the source data in INFORM

Participatory elements: No information

Consideration of interconnectedness and -dependencies of risks: No information

Adressing uncertainty: Yes

Details: To emphasise drought-prone countries with frequent and extensive drought (as well as to compensate for uncertainty associated with unique, intensive drought events), a combination of the average annual drought-affected people with the frequency of drought events in an arithmetic average is made

Scope of assessment: Identification of risks

Details: Provides scientific support to several EU policy initiatives

Relevance for losses and damages:

Economic/Non-Economic losses incorporated: Both

Applicability for entire risk spectrum (from extreme weather events to slow onset processes): No

Details: Only EWE and geophysical hazards


Recommendations for Adaptation measures included in Climate Risk Assessment: No

Usefulness for political purposes: The Index for Risk Management INFORM is a composite indicator developed as a tool for understanding the risk of humanitarian crisis and disasters

Applied by whom: Joint Research Center, EU

Open access: Yes