IVAVIA (Impact and Vulnerability Analysis of Vital Infrastructures and built-up Areas)


General Information:

Author: Fraunhofer Institute for Intelligent Analysis and Information Systems (IAIS)

Year of publication: 2018

Available languages: English

Details of Assessment:

Type of assessment: Vulnerability assessment

Details: Risk based vulnerability assessment

Format of assessment: Guideline

Details: Offers a method to conduct a risk-based process for assessing impacts and vulnerabilities of urban areas and their infrastructure

Estimated costs for conducting: No information

Estimated duration of assessment: Context dependent

To be carried out by whom: Multiple actors

Details: Supposed to be conducted by people employed in a cities planning committee but can be carried out by consultants too

Institutional scale of use: Local/community

Details: City level

Assesment to be used by which target audience: Local decision makers

Output: Report


Coverage & Methodology:

Region of origin: Europe

Developed by which sector: Science

Applied in practice: No information

Geographic coverage in analysis: Worldwide

Potential geographic coverage: Any area or infrastructure; mainly cities or parts of cities

Sectors covered: Urban sector, Health sector, Water sector

Details: Method focuses on built-up environment / Cities but covers different sectors impacted (e.g. health, water)

Method used: Mixed method approach

Description of methodology: Impact chains, index development, scenario analysis, participative approaches. Systematically selecting hazards, drivers, and stressors → Developing Impact Chains → Identifying indicators and data acquisition → Normalisation, weighting, and aggregation of indicators → Aggregating vulnerability components to risk

Risk framework used: AR5

Risk components incorporated: All

Hazards and impacts considered in the assessment: All hazards

Source of required data: Primary (data has to be generated)

Details: The method offers guidance on where to look for data, what pitfalls exists, how to check data quality and manage data

Temporal scale: Forward looking

Participatory elements: Yes

Details: Stakeholder workshops

Consideration of interconnectedness and -dependencies of risks: Yes

Adressing uncertainty: Yes

Scope of assessment: Identification of risks, assessment of impacts

Relevance for losses and damages:

Economic/Non-Economic losses incorporated: Both

Applicability for entire risk spectrum (from extreme weather events to slow onset processes): Yes


Recommendations for Adaptation measures included in Climate Risk Assessment: No

Usefulness for political purposes: Targeted and local/regional decision makers, useful for local adaptation plans

Applied by whom: Fraunhofer IAIS

Open access: Yes