Opportunities and Risks from Climate Change and Disasters (ORCHID)


General Information:

Author: Institute of Development Studies (IDS), Department for International Development (DFID)

Year of publication: 2008

Available languages: English

Details of Assessment:

Type of assessment: Not specified

Format of assessment: Scientific article

Estimated costs for conducting: No information

Estimated duration of assessment: Continuous as part of mainstreaming

To be carried out by whom: Others

Details: Resource person with a broad understanding of development, disaster management and climate change within a development organization

Institutional scale of use: Multiple (see details)

Details: Tool screens projects in a development cooperation portfolio, institutional scale varies according to the portfolio

Assesment to be used by which target audience: Others (please specify)

Details: Decisions makers in development cooporation

Output: Report


Coverage & Methodology:

Region of origin: Europe

Developed by which sector: Science

Applied in practice: Yes

Geographic coverage in analysis: Asia

Potential geographic coverage: Worldwide

Sectors covered: Not sector specific

Details: Programmes of development cooperation in any sector of interest

Method used: Mixed method approach

Description of methodology: Qualitative portfolio screening and development of a hazard and disaster profile is accompanied by technical input to hazards and vulnerabilities to a project portfolis. Then adaptation measures are identified. Qualitative method with technical (data based) input.

Risk framework used: No explicit use of risk framework

Risk components incorporated: All

Hazards and impacts considered in the assessment: All hazards

Details: All potential hazards to a development cooperation portfolio can be analysed

Source of required data: Secondary (available data is used)

Details: Context dependent; information on hazards, socio-economic development

Temporal scale: Forward looking

Participatory elements: Yes

Details: Process is generally guided by one person who according to the steps involves different stakeholders from development cooperation organizations and partners

Consideration of interconnectedness and -dependencies of risks: Partly

Details: Identifying risks to development portfolios must integrate cosideration of impacts of climate risks on development, though not specifically stated

Adressing uncertainty: Partly

Details: It is stated that it must be considered when conducting cost-benefit analysis, though no deeper considerations are made

Scope of assessment: Identification of risks, assessment of impacts, identification of adaptation options

Details: Assement aims to determine what kind of adaptations options are needed (incl. cost-benefit analysis) within a development portfolio

Relevance for losses and damages:

Economic/Non-Economic losses incorporated: Both

Applicability for entire risk spectrum (from extreme weather events to slow onset processes): Yes


Recommendations for Adaptation measures included in Climate Risk Assessment: Yes

Applied by whom: IDS (India, Bangladesh)

Open access: Yes