Opportunity Mapping tool


General Information:

Author: UNEP andĀ UNEP GRID-Geneva

Year of publication: 2020

Available languages: English

Details of Assessment:

Type of assessment: Vulnerability assessment

Details: Combines data on exposure to different hazards with state of degradation of main ecosystems so to identify potential areas for restoration / DRR via nature-based solutions

Format of assessment: Other, please describe

Details: Maps

Estimated costs for conducting: Open source

Estimated duration of assessment: Information is already available

To be carried out by whom: Multiple actors

Details: The format is easy to understand and user friendly. No specific pre-knowledge is necessary

Institutional scale of use: Multiple (see details)

Details: Any level larger than local, because smallest grid size is 10x10km

Assesment to be used by which target audience: Multiple actors

Details: Could be used for awareness raising, lobbying, political decision making, private sector investment orientation, etc.

Output: Risk map


Coverage & Methodology:

Region of origin: Europe, Africa

Developed by which sector: Development cooperation

Applied in practice: No information

Geographic coverage in analysis: Asia

Potential geographic coverage: Worldwide

Sectors covered: Not sector specific

Details: Formulation of objective with slight focus on green infrastructure projects, however useful to other sectors as well

Method used: Other (see details)

Description of methodology: Combination of information of exposure of the population to hazards with state of main ecosystems for which restoration may upgrade DRR-potential

Risk framework used: No explicit use of risk framework

Risk components incorporated: Hazard, exposure

Hazards and impacts considered in the assessment: Flood, Landslide, Loss of biodiversity, Storm surge, Tsunami, Sea level rise

Source of required data: Secondary (available data is used)

Details: All data is provided by the tool

Temporal scale: Current, Backward looking

Participatory elements: No

Details: Tool refers to available data and doesn't need implication of other stakeholders

Consideration of interconnectedness and -dependencies of risks: No

Details: Layers for different risks can be shown in the same map, however interaction between them is not considered

Adressing uncertainty: Partly

Details: Uncertainty of climate projections does not play a role. However, limitations due to coarse spatial resolution and biases for urban or arid areas are made explicit

Scope of assessment: Identification of risks, assessment of impacts, identification of adaptation options

Details: Identification of potential ecosystem restoration areas with benefits for disaster risk reduction

Relevance for losses and damages:

Economic/Non-Economic losses incorporated: None

Applicability for entire risk spectrum (from extreme weather events to slow onset processes): Yes

Details: Both, EWE such as coral bleaching events and SOE such as sea level rise are considered


Recommendations for Adaptation measures included in Climate Risk Assessment: No

Applied by whom: PEDRR

Open access: Yes