Protecting Health from Climate Change- Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment


General Information:

Author: World Health Organization (WHO)

Year of publication: 2013

Available languages: English

Details of Assessment:

Type of assessment: Vulnerability assessment

Details: Vulnerability and adaptation assessment

Format of assessment: Guideline

Estimated costs for conducting: Context dependent

Estimated duration of assessment: Several months to more than a year

To be carried out by whom: Multiple actors

Details: Various stakeholders including scientists

Institutional scale of use: Continental

Details: National or regional

Assesment to be used by which target audience: Multiple actors

Details: State level and regional decision makers

Output: Report


Coverage & Methodology:

Region of origin: Europe

Developed by which sector: Development cooperation

Applied in practice: Yes

Geographic coverage in analysis: Worldwide

Potential geographic coverage: Worldwide

Sectors covered: Health sector

Method used: Mixed method approach

Description of methodology: Spatial mapping is used to describe risk distribution, climate projections and health data, generally combination of qualitative and quantitative data

Risk framework used: No explicit use of risk framework

Risk components incorporated: All

Hazards and impacts considered in the assessment: Cyclone (including tropical storm, hurricane and typhoon), Drought, Extreme rainfall, Flood, Landslide, Storm surge

Details: Health, weather, population data, historical meteorological data. Relevant data sources: • World Climate Applications and Services Programm (WCASP): pages/prog/wcp/wcasp/wcasp_home_en.html • Humanitarian Early Warning Service: • Climate Prediction Center: • National Climate Services: • International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI)/Earth Institute’s Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory (LDEO) Climate Data Library: • IRI Climate and Health Resource Room:

Details: Technically could be used for all, but is used for forward looking research (intended)

Participatory elements: Yes

Details: Assessing the health risks of climate change and identifying possible policies and programmes to increase resilience needs to be informed by all groups engaged in or concerned with the prevention and management of the health impacts of climate change, including within the ministry of health, universities, NGOs, national and regional emergency preparedness committees, and those affected by climate change. Community, regional and national climate change initiatives and those focused on managing climate-sensitive health risks may be helpful in identifying appropriate stakeholders.

Consideration of interconnectedness and -dependencies of risks: Yes

Adressing uncertainty: Yes

Details: Particular challenge is considering how other factors are likely to change over time, such as demographics, urbanization and socio-economic development. The longer the projection, the more uncertain are changes in these and other factors

Scope of assessment: Identification of risks, assessment of impacts, identification of adaptation options, priorization of adaptation options

Details: Adaptation assessment: identify and prioritize policies and programmes to address current and projected health risks

Relevance for losses and damages:

Economic/Non-Economic losses incorporated: Non-Economic

Details: Only looks at health risk

Applicability for entire risk spectrum (from extreme weather events to slow onset processes): No

Details: Only EWE


Recommendations for Adaptation measures included in Climate Risk Assessment: Yes

Usefulness for political purposes: Very useful to inform health policies, especially because one step includes assessement of current policies

Applied by whom: World Health Organization Division of Pacific Technical Support, various governments with support of WHO

Open access: Yes