Shaping Climate-Resilient Development: a framework for decision-making


General Information:

Author: Economics of Climate Adaptation (ECA)

Year of publication: 2009

Available languages: English

Details of Assessment:

Type of assessment: Comprehensive impact and risk assessment

Details: Framework provides tools to quantify a location's "total climate risk" and uses a cost-benefit analysis

Format of assessment: Guideline

Estimated costs for conducting: No information

Estimated duration of assessment: 12-16 weeks

To be carried out by whom: Consultants (climate experts)

Institutional scale of use: National

Details: Global, national, local, regional or sectoral. This framework is flexible and can be applied on different institutional levels.

Assesment to be used by which target audience: Multiple actors

Details: National, regional and local decision makers

Output: Report

Details: The end product is a cost-benefit analysis comparing the selected adaptation measures (CBA) - all of this will be summarised in a paper


Coverage & Methodology:

Region of origin: Europe

Developed by which sector: Private sector

Applied in practice: Yes

Geographic coverage in analysis: Worldwide

Potential geographic coverage: Worldwide

Details: Can be applied to any sector to compare impacts

Method used: Index development

Description of methodology: Several steps approach aiming at identification of risk, the magnitude of expected loss and potential response measures. Each step contains several sub-steps, including data collection, consultation of scientific communities, future scenarios, value distribution of assets and cost-benefit calculation of measures. The method focuses on the most severe hazard in a country

Risk framework used: No explicit use of risk framework

Risk components incorporated: All

Hazards and impacts considered in the assessment: Cyclone (including tropical storm, hurricane and typhoon), Flood, Storm

Details: Can be applied to all hazards

Details: Physical hazard models, IPCC projections, asset and income census date, vulnerability of infrastructure data, weather data/ projections etc.; all relevant climate change data, historical and current to create a ranking of risks, including quantifying and assigning "price tags" to specific risks. Scenario planning to prioritise climate adaptation and resilience measures

Participatory elements: Partly

Details: It does not need to be participatory, but data can also partially be generated via interviews; No explicit involvement of local communities, but the comprehensive inventory of localized adaptation measures are developed with local and international experts from climate and development fields. Stakeholders are interviewed for prioritization of measures

Consideration of interconnectedness and -dependencies of risks: Yes

Details: Analyses a plethora of risks and factors them all into the risk assessment

Adressing uncertainty: Yes

Details: It is pointed out that deterministic models may not produce outcomes that reflect all uncertainties of future climate risks. In three cases, the models included stochastic elements to account for this

Scope of assessment: Identification of risks, assessment of impacts, identification of adaptation options, priorization of adaptation options

Details: Aim is to identitfy risk, analyse adaptation measures and create a cost-benefit curve for all measures

Relevance for losses and damages:

Economic/Non-Economic losses incorporated: Both

Details: Strong focus on economic loss, which is incorporated through cost-benefit analysis of adaptation options. Non-economic loss is only mentioned but not explicitly focussed on

Applicability for entire risk spectrum (from extreme weather events to slow onset processes): Yes

Details: The focus is on the most severe hazard but it can be applied to various phenomena


Recommendations for Adaptation measures included in Climate Risk Assessment: Yes

Details: Aims at creating a cost-benefit curve for all measures

Usefulness for political purposes: It is useful to inform political decision making, still it needs to be carried out by experts/ scientists / NAPAs

Applied by whom: ECA Working Group

Open access: Yes